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Diabetes and High Blood Pressure

When diabetes comes into play, high blood pressure is a problem that should always be prevented...

People with diabetes are more likely to have high blood pressure than non-diabetics.  High blood pressure is also called "hypertension".  People with high blood pressure have an increased chance of having a heart attack, a stroke and it can worsen the effects of kidney disease (nephropathy) and retinopathy (damage to the eyes).  Because of this it's important for every diabetic or parent of a diabetic child to know about hypertension.

High blood pressure is a "silent disease" since it usually shows no symptoms.  The only real way to know if you have high blood pressure is to have it checked by a healthcare professional. Glucose meter

What is blood pressure?  Blood pressure is the force of your blood as it flows through the blood vessels in your body.  Blood vessels bring nourishment to your organs and nerves.  If your blood pressure is high then the force of the blood on your blood vessels will be higher.  If there's too much force on the blood vessels in your body it can damage them and make them weak.  If the blood vessels are weak due to high blood pressure, they can't nourish the organs and nerves like they should and your organs and nerves become damaged.

Blood pressure is stated with two numbers.  The first number is called "systolic pressure".  Systolic pressure is the force of your blood when your heart contracts.  The second number is called diastolic pressure.  Diastolic pressure is the force of your blood when your heart relaxes.

A blood pressure reading of 120 over 80 means that person's systolic pressure is 120 and his/her diastolic pressure is 80.  It is written as 120/80.


There can be specific causes of high blood pressure, such as kidney problems, pregnancy, or hormone disorders.  If high blood pressure is linked to a specific cause it is called "secondary hypertension.  If you have this type of hypertension your doctor will need to treat the cause first.

For most people there is no obvious cause for the high blood pressure.  If there is no obvious reason for the hypertension it is called "essential hypertension".  If you have this type of hypertension there are things you can do to help bring your blood pressure down without having to take drugs.

You can:

1)   Lose weight  - even losing a little weight can help2)   Cut down on alcohol consumption - if you drink more than 2 ounces of alcohol each day that may cause high blood pressure
3)   Cut down on salt - trying a low-sodium diet may control high blood pressure
4)   Try to reduce the stress in your life - stress can aggravate high blood pressure
If you can't control your high blood pressure using the above methods your doctor will most likely put you on drugs that might help.

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